Gingivitis and Periodontal Therapy
Many oral health problems originate from the gums. Diseases within the gums are known as periodontal diseases, and they can affect people of any age. Contributing factors to periodontal disease can include poor brushing or flossing habits, tobacco use (in any form), systemic issues such as diabetes and more.
Periodontal disease begins as gingivitis, which can cause redness, swelling and irritation in the gums (although it can often be painless). It’s important to address gingivitis when it occurs as it can cause more severe issues if left untreated. This is another reason why routine professional cleans and exams are so important.
When periodontal disease enters later stages it begins to infect the tissues that support the teeth, leading to loosening of the teeth and eventual tooth loss. Some experts even believe that it may increase the chances of heart disease.
Frequently Asked Questions
Gingivitis is an early and reversible form of periodontal disease, and both afflictions are caused by harmful bacteria. As periodontal disease worsens, the bacteria may spread to deeper tissues within the gum and may even start affecting bone.
To treat your gingivitis, Dr. Kittell will perform a thorough cleaning and prescribe you a specialty mouthwash to use as-directed. You may then be asked to schedule a follow-up appointment so the progress of your oral health can be examined.
If your periodontal disease transcends gingivitis, more substantial measures may need to be taken. These measures may include gum grafting, scaling & root planning, periodontal laser treatment or other measures to be discussed during your appointment.